Enlarged prostate is a men’s problem in which the prostate gland situated in the pelvic region gets bigger than its normal size with age and causes discomfort to men. It is also called prostatic hyperplasia, but the term must not be misinterpreted with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is a very much different thing than an enlarged prostate.

An enlarged prostate can cause the following problems:

  • Urinary bladder problems
  • Urinary tract problems
  • Kidney problems

what is enlarged prostate


  • Hormonal imbalance in men
  • Change in testicular cells


  • Poor streaming of urine
  • Urinary hesitancy
  • Problem in initiating urination
  • Pain on peeing
  • Dribbling during urination
  • Prolonged micturition
enlarged prostate symptoms


Blood tests- To check kidney problems 

  • Urinary flow test
  • Digital rectal examination
  • Blood test (Prostate-specific antigen)
  • Urine residual volume test
  • 24-hour voiding exam

For patients with a severe condition, doctors recommend the following: 

  • Prostate biopsy
  • Transrectal ultrasound
  • Transabdominal ultrasound
  • Urodynamics
  • Urethral cystoscopy

Have a diet with low-fat content
Do moderate exercises regularly
Enrich your diet with a lot of vegetables and fruits
Avoid caffeine intake
Cut off the use of alcohol completely
Do not take excess liquids before going to bed at night



Non-surgical treatment includes the use of drug therapy:

There are several groups of medicines that have helped in relieving the symptoms of an enlarged prostate; these drugs include

  • Antimuscarinics
  • Alpha-reductase inhibitors 
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Combination drugs- including alpha-reductase inhibitors and blockers


Surgical therapies to get rid of enlarged prostate are:

  • TURP involves the excision of some part of the prostate
  • TUIP involves putting one or two-minute cuts or incisions on the prostate for essay peeing
  • TUMT is microwave-based destruction of inner prostate tissue
  • TUNA involves the use of heat to destroy extra prostate cells

Robot-assisted surgery for the removal of part of the prostate gland

Laser surgery for treating the enlarged prostate (also called the holmium laser surgery for prostate )


Several risk factors are responsible for accelerating the process of prostate enlargement. There can be modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors associated with prostate hyperplasia. These factors include:


This metabolic condition leads to high amounts of estrogens and increased inflammation which may point out as the risk factor for developing prostate hyperplasia. However, according to case studies on enlarged prostate patients, it has been observed that the majority of obese men have got enlarged prostates as compared to normal men.

Metabolic syndrome

All conditions or diseases that are related to the metabolism of a person are referred to as metabolic syndromes. These include,

  • Insulin resistance 
  • Glucose intolerance
  • High blood pressure- hypertension
  • Dyslipidemia

Genetic cause

Prostate hyperplasia runs in families, which means that if your very close relative has an enlarged prostate, then there are more chances that you will inherit prostate hyperplasia.

Men with the above-given problems are at high risk of developing prostate hyperplasia.

enlarged prostate risks and complications


An untreated enlarged prostate can cause various health related issues including:

  • Urinary tract problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Abnormal bladder functioning
  • Extreme pain and discomfort in urination


The average cost for treating enlarged prostate completely with the recommended surgical procedure is between ₹60,000 - ₹1,00,000. The cost of the surgical procedure varies on the basis of the severity of the disease condition, the type of hospital, and the city that opted to undergo surgery. 

Financial Options

No Cost EMI



enlarged prostate treatment cost


The surgical treatment for the enlarged prostate is covered under health insurance. Mostly, all the health insurances cover the surgery for treating the enlarged prostate with different insurance policies and funding benefits. Therefore, it is important to get the details for the insurance policies and expense coverage before claiming. 

It is important to know that medical treatment for enlarged prostate will not be covered under the insurance policy. It will only cover the cost or expenses of the surgical treatment, but to claim this, you will have to be hospitalized for 24 hours.

enlarged prostate treatment insurance plan

Know more about Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate means the prostate gland has grown bigger than normal. The condition mostly affects men as they get older. Various factors linked to ageing and change in testicle size play an important role in the enlargement of the prostate gland. 

It is a very common condition, especially in men over 40 years of age. It is advised to see the doctor in case of urinary problems that may complicate the condition leading to obstruction of the urinary tract. There are numerous treatment options available for an enlarged prostate include drugs like Silodosin, surgeries like TURP, and laser treatments. TURP Surgery or Robot-assisted prostatectomy is considered one of the most effective, latest and advanced surgical treatments for enlarged prostate. You can go through successfull patient stories of Glamyo Health, a Healthcare brand dealing in non- invasive elective and aesthetic operations, such as laser proctology, laparoscopic surgery,urology, etc.

The reason behind this gland’s enlargement is the imbalance in hormones that cause loss of homeostasis between cell growth and cell death in the prostate gland tissues. This imbalance results in an abnormally high number of stromal cells and epithelial cells (types of cells present in prostate glands). The increased number of these cells, also called hyperplasia, can be observed in histopathological studies.

Frequently Asked Questions

Enlarged prostate may cause obstruction of urine flow out of bladder and urethra. Prostate is located beneath the urinary bladder, when the gland enlarges it syarts blocking urine flow.

Exact cause of prostate enlargement is not known but it has been found to be majorly due to changes in the hormone as the men get older. Mainly there is decline in sex hormone (testosterone) in men that is found to be linked with enlarged prostate.

Treatment advices by the doctors if the prostate enlarges include avoiding alcohol, limi caffeine, stay active, and take medications as directed by the physicians.

Frequent urination and dribbling of urine because of inability to empty the urinary bladder completely. People also face difficulty in urination as there is weak and interrupted stream of urine.

For most of the patients having enlarged breast, it is curable with medications if the prostate is not too large. Surgery can treat it by removing the excess of enlarged prostate to give relief.

If the prostate gets too enlarged, it can lead to various health issues and may increase the risk of prostate cancer. Usually, enlarged prostate is not a serious condition and is thought to linked with process of aging in men.

If the enlarged prostate is left untreated, it can develop serious urinary tarct infections (UTIs), bladder problems, and damage to kidneys. It also causes difficulty in urination.

The urologist play an important role in removing some or all part of enlarged prostate by making small incisions. TURP (Transurethral resection of the prostate) is a surgical method foro removing the prostate tissues via urethral opening.

Some of the indicators that warn a person about prostate problems are urgent need to urinate, waking up many times at night for urinating, pain while passing urine, dribbling urine, frequent pain in hips, thighs, lower back, and pelvis.

Enlarged prostate can be quickly cured with the medications like alpha blockers that help in relaxing the urinary bladder and solve the problems of difficult urination. If the medications don’t work, it is recommended to treat the enlarged prostate with surgical methods.